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同义词替换,要你的雅思阅读好看

2020/07/20 13:17:15 澳际教育 编辑:吴诗 美国,澳洲,英国,加拿大,新西兰 浏览次数:45
雅思阅读所考察的,并不是对于文章中心思想的理解,而是考生快速阅读文章并从中获取特定信息的能力,

雅思阅读所考察的,并不是对于文章中心思想的理解,而是考生快速阅读文章并从中获取特定信息的能力,这需要我们能够根据题目中的关键词迅速定位原文位置,熟练掌握常见的同义词替换显得尤为重要。

文章中整理了一些比较常见的同义表达,大家可以经常拿出来复习一下加深印象,相信再做阅读时会有不一样的感受~

access/entrance/entryway,通路,进入

route/motorway/highway/expressway,公路

boundary/border/edge/outskirts/frontier,边界

proposal/suggestion/recommendation/proposition

提议

odour/smell/stench/stink/scent,味道

bearing/position/standing,方位

waste/unwanted materials/rubbish/garbage/trash,废物

priority/preferential/the most important/overriding,优先

evidence/proof/documentation/written account,证据

mistake/error/fault/slip/mix-up,错误

collapse/failure/fall,崩塌,失败

fatigue/tiredness/exhaustion/drowsiness,疲劳

trial/experiment/test,实验

success/achievement/progress/breakthrough/accomplishment,成就

invention/device/creation/innovation,发明,装置

2

farming/agriculture,农业

public event/communal activity ,公众、社交活动

aviation disaster/sky accident/air crash,空难

altitude/from…meters above the ground/height/how high/level ,高度

zone/airspace/region/area/district/quarter/block/suburb,区域

weather/meteorological/climate/condition,气候

beacon and flashing/light/beam/ laser/ray/glow/glare,光

aircraft/plane/by air,飞机

city/metropolitan/urban/town/civic/municipal/downtown,城市

period/cycle/era/age,年代

feeling/emotional response / sensory/a sense of/passion,感觉

linguistic/language,语言

building/property/construction,建筑

financial support/fund/financial aid ,资助

stumbling block/difficulty/trouble,n.麻烦

3

test in real/field test ,实地测试

genius/talent/intellectual/intelligence/brains/brilliant/wisdom,天才; 才能

talent/gift/prodigy/skill/ability/craftsmanship/flair,天才;才能

limitation/restricted/restrict/confine/constrain,限制

biological clock/internal clock ,生物钟

principle/rule,原则

middle-year education/lower secondary school,中学

format/pattern,格式

less successful student/struggler,差等生

supplementary/assist/additional/extra/further/added/spare/more,补充

correct answer/accuracy,精确

imbalance/disorder/unequal/disproportionate,不平衡,紊乱

cost/financial outlay/spend/charge/fare/rental/toll ,支出

immunity/resistance,免疫力

encounter/face/confront/meet,遇见,遭遇

4

ignore/neglect/bypass/pay no attention/take no notice,忽略,无视

change/modify/shift/alter/transfer,改变

protect/guard/safeguard/shield/conservation,保护

follow/track/tail/shadow/stalk/stalker,跟随,跟踪

teach/educate/train/coach/instruct/bring up,教学

determine/establish/identify/pinpoint/diagnose,决定;确定

differ from/unusual/distinguish/recognize the difference/differentiate,区别;与…不同

consult/ask somebody's advice,咨询

engage/give somebody a job/employ/take on/appoint/recruit/sign up,雇佣

combine/mix/stir/blend/whisk,联合

explain/tell/show/demonstrate/go through/throw/shed light on/set out,解释

occur/happen/take place/turn up/arise/strike,发生

expand/get bigger/grow/swell up/stretch,扩张,扩大

emerge/appear/become visible/come into view/come into sight/come out,出现

generate/form/produce/create/develop/manufacture,产生

5

observe/notice/see/tell/see/spot/detect/note/becomeaware/conscious/catch somebody's eye/perceive,观察,发现,

include/consist of/comprise/be composed of/ be made up of,包含,包括

focus on/deals only with/concentrate,专注于

recognize/know/identify/pick out/tell,认出,承认

come from/be based on/originate/have its origins in/have its roots in/derive from /grow out of/ evolve from,发展,来自于

enable/make something possible/allow/permit/pave the way for/clear the way for,使能够

predict/anticipate/forecast/foretell/guess in advance/expect,预测;预期

realize/know/be/become aware/appreciate/be conscious,意识到

produce/form/create/generate,生产

guarantee/promise/assure/swear/vow/commit to/pledge,保证

bring/confer/award/present/grant/confer/allocate/offer,带来

illustrate/show/demonstrate/mean/reflect/reveal/bea sign,表明

disturb/interrupt/bother/distract/put somebody off ,打扰

unfold/open/develop/expand,展开

forge/form/counterfeit,形成,伪造

6

persuade/convince/win over/talk around,说服

surrender/give in ,投降,放弃

exaggerate/overstate,夸张,夸大

dispose/settle/manage/cope with/deal with,安排,处理

postpone/put back/delay/adjourn ,推迟

couple with/and/accompany/with,伴随

involve/contain/comprise,包含,牵涉

draw on/absorb,吸收

settle on/make choice of/decide on,选定

involve with/associate with/link to/relate to,与…有关联

release/issue/launch/convey/deliver,发行,发表

react/respond,反应

assessment/appraisal/evaluation/estimate/judgment,评估,估计

remain/keep/stay/maintain,保持

foster/cultivate/raise/nurture,培养,养育

7

overtake/catchup/sweep over/exceed/overcome,赶上,压倒

administer/manage/conduct/implement/perform,执行,管理

construct/build/make/found,建造

stimulate/encourage/activate/motivate,鼓励,刺激

vanish/extinct/disappear,消失

ignite/light/inflame,点燃

launch/coin/project/release/issue,创造

require/desire/order/command,要求

operate/act/run,运转

revive/renaissance,复兴

break/shatter/crack,打碎,打破

insist/claim/argue/believe/think,坚持,坚称

suppress/control/restrain/repress/oppress/inhibit/ban/forbid/stifle,压制

speedup/increase speed/quicken up/accelerate speed,加速

dispute/debate/controversy/disagree/argue,争论

8

reproduce/copy/replicate/repeat/duplicate,复制

plan/prepare/design,计划

improve/grow/get better ,进步

catch/exploit/capture,抓捕

give up/abandon ,放弃

refute/not mean/rebut/deny,反驳

fulfill/qualify/achieve/keep/satisfy,完成

prevent/resolve/forbid/stop,防止

tend to/prone to,倾向于

participate/be involved in/take part in/join ,参加

judge/rate/criticize/assess/evaluate/gauge/appraise,评判

rely on/depend on ,依靠

avoid/stay away/keep away/steer clear of/make a detour,避免

die out/extinct/disappear/no longer exist ,灭绝

9

hunt/search for/look for/try to find/in search of ,打猎

perceive/sense/see/spot/become aware of/observe ,感知,感觉

calculate/measure/workout/figure/estimate ,计算

coin/invent/make/create/come up with ,发明,创造

admit/acknowledge/confess/to tell the truth ,承认

be similar to/like/resemble/bear a resemblance to/ look like/alike/much the same ,相似

result in/lead to/cause/give rise to/bring about,引发,导致

address/solve/deal with/handle ,处理

imitate/copy/impersonate/follow one's example,模仿

feed/eat/have/chew/swallow/consume,喂食

memorise/learn/commit something to memory,记忆

purify/refine/distill,净化 ,提取

deteriorate/get worse/go down ,变坏

recognize/know/identify/pick out ,认出

conclude/summarize/come to/reach the conclusion,得出结论

10

adapt to/get used to/become accustomed to/adjust to,适应

initiate/start/launch/open/set in motion,开始,发起

refer to/mention/allude to/touch on,提到

be divided into/separate/split/break up/break down,分开

hinder/hamper/impede,阻碍

exclude/omit/miss out/leave out/drop,排除在外

exchange/share/distribute,分享

convert/modify/transform/adapt/customize,转变

monitor/watch/keep an eye on/ keep a check on,监视

allocate/distribute/apportion/grant/confer,分配

stop/halt/come to a halt ,停止

label/display/call/brand/hail,贴标签,命名

apply/use/make use of/exercise/utilize ,应用

ensure/make sure/make certain/see to it that,保证

deny/refuse/withhold,否认

11

permit/allow/let/agree to/authorize ,许可

interfere/intrude/disrupt/meddle,干扰

expose/show/reveal/present/let sb. see,暴露,揭发

easy to reach/accessible,容易达到的

important/vital/essential/crucial/critical/necessary,重要的

underdeveloped/degenerated/rudimentary,不发达的

exceptional/good/excellent/outstanding/brilliant/impressive/admirable,超常的,例外的

best/well/greatest/finest/ideal/top/ultimate/optimum/definitive/unsurpassed/record-breaking,极好的

surprised/amazed/astonished/astounded/betaken aback/startled,感到惊讶的

traditional/old-fashioned/outdated/outmoded/unfashionable,传统的

diverse/varied/variety/wide-ranging/mixed,各种各样的

reluctant/unwilling,勉强的

long-term/long-running/lasting/lifelong/prolonged/lingering/enduring/abiding,长期的

beneficial/wholesome/nutritious/nourishing/healthful,有益的

specific/explicit/elaborate,具体的


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